LINGUISTICS & CULTURE
|Data:||30/NOV/2006 12:44 PM|
|Assunto:||will /modal or S. Future?|
Modals are about the language user judgment of the events, they are not seem as a matter of fact.
Being blunt: there is no simple future tense in English, will is only another modal.Other constructions can be used to formulate ideas about the future and each one has a different impact on the listener (it's not like our futuro do indicativo versus ir+ infinitivo.)
(1)We're going to leave at seven o'clock tomorrow morning.
(2)We'll leave at seven o'clock tomorrow morning.
(3)We're leaving at seven o'clock tomorrow morning.
(4)We leave at seven o'clock tomorrow morning.
All these are correct, what changes is the reason the speaker's used each of them.
(1) The speaker has some evidence now to say something about the future event. (they might have scheduled to leave at seven or they have just decided after discussing the best moment to leave.)
(2) A prediction, it might also be a decision they made at that moment.
(3) Very much like (1) but here we can have the idea that they have already bought the tickets and their bus/train/aeroplane is due for seven tomorrow morning.
(4) They see the event as a matter of fact, normally when we the evnt is based on timetables and we can't control it like School starts next Monday.
Remember they overlap and the final choice boils down to the language user. Chosing one (mainly be going to x will) over the others won't cause many problems, will (in this case) is a simple prediction about the future I think Internacional will win the FIFA Club World Cup Japan 2006, and be going to is based on any event for the future event Look at those clouds - it's going to rain soon.
Look at some other examples with will not necessarily referring to future events:
Will you sign the form, please?
Will you phone me when you arrive?
(Asking someone to do something, formulaic will you...?)
I'll give you a hand with that.
I'll do the washing-up.
She won't tell me where she's going tomorrow.
I won't work on that machine. It's dangerous
The car won't start, I'll have to call the mechanic.
The baby won't stop crying.
(Refusing, always with won't, note that some of the examples might be about something that already has happened; I talked to her and she refused to tell me where she is going tonight, I tried start the car but it simply doesn't.)
Every day Dan will come home from work and turn on the TV.
A baby will recognise their mother's voice soon after they are born.
(Will to talk about characteristic behaviour or habits, or about things that are always true.)
Envie uma resposta
Índice de mensagens